Medical News Today: Nine ways to treat and prevent razor burn

Shaving with a razor is one of the quickest and most cost-effective ways to remove facial or body hair. However, one of the disadvantages of this method of hair removal is the risk of razor burn.

Razor burn is a type of skin irritation that not only looks unsightly but can also be a source of pain and discomfort.

Keep reading to discover the many treatment options available for razor burn and learn how to prevent this common skin complaint.

Contents of this article:

  • What is razor burn?
  • Treating razor burn
  • Preventing razor burn
  • What is razor burn?

    Razor burn symptoms may include redness, itchiness, swelling, and small red bumps.

    Razor burn can affect any part of the body that is subject to shaving, including the face, pubic area, legs, and underarms. Signs and symptoms of razor burn include:

    • rash
    • redness
    • itchiness
    • swelling
    • tenderness
    • burning sensation
    • small red bumps

    Razor burn vs. razor bumps

    Razor burn and razor bumps are often mistaken for one another. However, they are considered to be two separate conditions.

    While razor burn is a skin irritation caused by shaving, razor bumps are the result of ingrown hairs.

    Ingrown hair occurs when hair that has been shaved or removed by other means, such as plucking or waxing, grows back at an angle. This causes it to turn into the skin.

    People with coarse or curly hair tend to be most affected by ingrown hair, although it can affect people of any hair type.

    Symptoms of ingrown hair include:

    • red bumps
    • swelling
    • rash
    • tenderness
    • itchiness

    In some cases, ingrown hairs can cause the hair follicle to become infected, which is a condition known as folliculitis.

    A version of razor bumps called pseudofolliculitis barbae affects up to 60 percent of African American men and many other people whose hair is curly. Severe cases of pseudofolliculitis barbae can require medical treatment.

    Treating razor burn

    Razor burn is an uncomfortable and annoying condition, but it usually resolves itself with time.

    However, there are a number of treatments available to ease the symptoms of razor burn, ranging from over-the-counter products to at-home remedies. Options include:

    1. Avoid shaving or touching the area

    By leaving the skin alone, it gives the area time to heal and can reduce the risk of further inflammation, irritation, or infection.

    2. Cool compresses

    Placing a cool, wet compress on the affected area can help to reduce itching and inflammation.

    To make a cold compress, simply place a clean washcloth under a stream of cold water. Wring off the excess and apply to the skin for up to 20 minutes. This can be repeated as often as needed.

    3. Astringent liquids

    One of the most popular home remedies for razor burn is the application of a natural astringent liquid. These help to reduce the inflammation and redness associated with both razor bumps and razor burn.

    Examples of popular natural astringents include:

    • apple cider vinegar
    • chilled, brewed black tea
    • tea tree oil (a few drops mixed with water)
    • witch hazel extract

    These can be applied directly to the face or added to a cold compress.

    4. Natural oils

    Avocado oil may be used to soften and hydrate the skin.

    Several natural oils can be used to soften and hydrate the skin, which can reduce the sensations of itching, tenderness, and burning.

    Some of the most popular oils include:

    • avocado oil
    • coconut oil
    • olive oil
    • sweet almond oil

    Other emollients, including unscented lotions, aftershaves, and moisturizers, can also be applied to dry skin. People should not use products that contain alcohol because it is a known skin irritant.

    5. Aloe vera

    Aloe vera gel, taken from the aloe vera plant, is often used for burns, cuts, and scrapes. Anecdotal evidence reports its soothing abilities in cases of razor burn.

    In addition, research shows that certain enzymes in the aloe vera plant reduce inflammation when applied to the skin.

    People wishing to use aloe vera can squeeze the gel directly from the plant onto the affected area, or use a commercially available aloe vera product for sensitive or damaged skin.

    6. Oatmeal bath

    Oatmeal is often used to treat a variety of skin issues, particularly inflammatory conditions. According to some research, it possesses antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which may explain its effectiveness as a natural remedy for razor burn.

    Adding either regular or colloidal oatmeal, or an oatmeal-based bath product, to a tub of lukewarm water can help to provide symptom relief. This can be especially helpful for razor burn on the pubic area or legs.

    7. Baking soda

    Baking soda, or sodium bicarbonate, is a natural salt that is mainly used in baking. However, it is a popular natural treatment for a variety of ailments, including razor burn and razor bumps.

    Mix a cup of water with 1 tablespoon of baking soda and apply to the skin using a cotton pad. Once the mixture dries, rinse it off. Repeat up to twice daily until symptoms resolve.

    Alternatively, 1 cup of baking soda can be added to a lukewarm bath to alleviate symptoms.

    8. Over-the-counter lotions

    Several over-the-counter products are available to treat razor burn. Aftershave lotion for both men and women may provide benefits, while baby products such as baby oil or diaper rash creams are both gentle and soothing for irritated skin.

    Products containing hydrocortisone can reduce swelling and redness. Salicylic acid, a product typically used to treat acne, may also be beneficial for those with razor burn.

    Those with razor bumps in addition to razor burn may benefit from lotions containing glycolic acid, which has been shown to reduce lesions by 60 percent. This could allow people to resume a daily shaving routine.

    Specially formulated razor bump creams are also available to prevent ingrown hairs, including Bump Stopper and Tend Skin.

    9. Antibiotics for infection

    Razor burn is often accompanied by bumps. While these generally resolve without complication, there is the possibility of infection.

    If the bumps appear to be infected, show white or pus-filled heads, or become tender or painful to the touch, those affected should consult a doctor. Antibiotic treatment may be required.

    Preventing razor burn

    With proper shaving tools and techniques, the risk of developing razor burn can be kept to a minimum.

    The following tips may help people to prevent razor burn from occurring: